Regulation (EU) No 1285/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 lays down the rules on the implementation and exploitation of European satellite navigation.
European satellite navigation systems and programmes
The European satellite navigation programmes, Galileo and EGNOS, shall cover all the activities needed to define, develop, validate, construct, operate, renew and improve the European satellite navigation systems, namely the system established under the Galileo programme and the EGNOS system, and to ensure their security and interoperability.
The system established under the Galileo programme shall be a civil system under civil control and an autonomous global navigation satellite system (GNSS) infrastructure consisting of a constellation of satellites and a global network of ground stations.
The EGNOS system shall be a regional satellite navigation system infrastructure monitoring and correcting open signals emitted by existing global satellite navigation systems, as well as the open service signals offered by the system established under the Galileo programme, when they become available. It consists of ground stations and several transponders installed on geostationary satellites.
The Galileo programme is Europe’s initiative for a state-of-the-art global satellite navigation system, providing a highly accurate, guaranteed global positioning service under civilian control. The fully deployed system will consist of 30 satellites and the associated ground infrastructure. Galileo will be inter-operable with GPS and GLONASS, the two other global satellite navigation systems.
The financial envelope for the implementation of the activities referred to in the Regulation and for covering the risks associated with those activities is set at EUR 7071,73 million in current prices for the period from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2020.
For detailed information on the Galileo Programme, visit the EU website Enterprise and Industry.